As our series of FAQs regarding the California Consumer Privacy Act (“CCPA”) continues we are examining the scope of the law’s jurisdiction.    These FAQs should help employers determine if they are required to comply with the CCPA and if so, what steps their HR professionals and IT departments should take to be in compliance.
As a reminder, the CCPA is a new privacy law that applies to data collected about California-based employees.   The CCPA will go into effect in early 2020, and employers who must comply should be addressing compliance obligations now.
For US employers who have not had to comply with the GDPR, the requirements of the CCPA will likely require a new analysis of the treatment of employee-data and implementation of updated or new data policies.  For employers with European operations, one key area of interest is the degree to which the CCPA aligns with the European General Data Protection Regulation (“GDPR”).   Employers in compliance with the GDPR will likely already be familiar with many of the requirements of the CCPA – and with some assistance, should be able to bring their operations and policies into compliance with respect to California-based employees.
BCLP offers a complete compliance program for employers that includes a formal gap assessment and tailored policies, procedures, and protocols to close identified gaps. Bryan Cave Leighton Paisner LLP has a team of knowledgeable lawyers and other professionals prepared to help employers address their obligations under the California Consumer Privacy Act. If you or your organization would like more information on this or any other employment issue, please contact an attorney in the Employment and Labor practice group.

Question #8: Does the CCPA apply to non-profit employers? 

Generally, no.

The CCPA applies only to “businesses” – a term that is defined, in relevant part, as including “any legal entity that is organized or operated for the profit or financial benefit of its shareholders or other owners” and does business in the State of California.[1]  Based upon this definition most not-for-profit organizations will be exempt from the CCPA.

Like all good general rules, there is an important exception.  Non-profits that “control or are controlled by” or that “shares common branding” with a business may be subject to the CCPA. For this purpose, “control” and “controlled” means ownership of, or the power to vote, more than 50% of the outstanding shares of any class of voting security of a business; control in any manner over the election of a majority of the directors, or of individuals exercising similar functions; or the power to exercise a controlling influence over the management of a company.[2] “Common bonding” means a shared name, servicemark, or trademark.[3]

[1]           CCPA, § 1798.140(c)(1).
[2]           CCPA, § 1798.140(c)(2).
[3]           Id.